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Make Newark Clean
10-04-2007, 11:27 AM
Thanks for pointing out this information, ACLU-NJ. This story deserves its own thread:

PS Although African American and, to a lesser extent, Hispanic identity, group's incarceration are outsized as compared to whites, the other glaring conclusion that this study makes obvious is the economic correlation between crime and income. Except for Hawaii, the states where there is a greater compression among incarcerated groups are those where there are many more poor whites vs poor blacks, etc. Within the time frame of this study, NJ was either the first or second wealthiest state in the union. Whites here offend on a magnitude ~40% less than nationwide.

July 18, 2007

The Sentencing Project Examines Racial,
Ethnic Prison Disparity in New Report (http://sentencingproject.org/Admin/Documents/publications/rd_stateratesofincbyraceandethnicity.pdf)

In five states - Iowa, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Wisconsin - African Americans are incarcerated at more than ten times the rate of whites.

A new analysis by The Sentencing Project provides a regional examination of the racial and ethnic dynamics of incarceration in the U.S., and finds broad variations in racial disparity among the 50 states. The report, Uneven Justice: State Rates of Incarceration by Race and Ethnicity, finds that African Americans are incarcerated at nearly six (5.6) times the rate of whites and Hispanics nearly double (1.8) the rate.

The report also reveals wide variation in incarceration by state, with states in the Northeast and Midwest exhibiting the greatest black-to-white disparity in incarceration. In five states - Iowa, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Wisconsin - African Americans are incarcerated at more than ten times the rate of whites.

"Racial disparities in incarceration reflect a failure of social and economic interventions to address crime effectively and also indicate racial bias in the justice system," stated Marc Mauer, Executive Director of The Sentencing Project. "The broad variation in the use of incarceration nationally suggests that policy decisions can play a key role in determining the size and composition of the prison population."

The report extends the findings of previous analyses by incorporating jail populations in the overall incarceration rate and by assessing the impact of incarceration on the Hispanic community, representing an increasing share of the prison population. The state figures for Hispanic incarceration also reveal broad variation nationally. Three states - Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania - have a Hispanic-to-white ratio of incarceration more than three times the national average.

Prior research from the Department of Justice has demonstrated that if current trends continue, one in three black males and one in six Hispanic males born today can expect to go to prison. Rates for women are lower overall, but exhibit similar racial and ethnic disparities.

To address the broad disparities in the criminal justice system, The Sentencing Project urges policymakers to implement a variety of measures. These include:

Revisit the domestic drug control strategy, including recalibrating sentencing laws, such as the federal cocaine statutes which result in disproportionate numbers of low-level offenders being prosecuted;


Revisit the wisdom of mandatory minimum sentencing and restore appropriate judicial discretion to incorporate individual circumstances in the sentencing decision;


Establish enforceable and binding standards for indigent defense that ensure the provision of quality representation for all defendants;


Mandate that all legislation affecting the prison population be accompanied by a Racial Impact Statement to document the projected consequences for persons of color.

Make Newark Clean
10-04-2007, 11:32 AM
So, what is it blacks and browns? Inferiority? A viral moral debasement? Or is it the continuation and culmination of hatred and attendant stakelessness? Rap music is something else, ain't it?

Here are a few more comparison tables from The Sentencing Project (http://sentencingproject.org/Admin/Documents/publications/rd_stateratesofincbyraceandethnicity.pdf):

Make Newark Clean
10-04-2007, 01:41 PM
INTRODUCTION

Since the early 1970s the prison and jail population in the United States has increased at an unprecedented rate. The more than 500% rise in the number of people incarcerated in the nationís prisons and jails has resulted in a total of 2.2 million people behind bars.

This growth has been accompanied by an increasingly disproportionate racial
composition, with particularly high rates of incarceration for African Americans, who now constitute 900,000 of the total 2.2 million incarcerated population. The exponential increase in the use of incarceration has had modest success at best in producing public safety, while contributing to family disruption and the weakening of informal social controls in many African American communities. Overall, data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics document that one in six black men had been incarcerated as of 2001. If current trends continue, one in three black males born today can expect to spend time in prison during his lifetime. The prevalence of imprisonment for women is considerably lower than for men, but many of the same racial disparities persist, with black women being more likely to be incarcerated than white women.

While the disproportionate rate of incarceration for African Americans has
been well documented for some time, a significant development in the past
decade has been the growing proportion of the Hispanic population entering prisons and jails. In 2005, Hispanics comprised 20% of the state and federal prison population, a rise of 43% since 1990. As a result of these trends, one of every six Hispanic males and one of every 45 Hispanic females born today can expect to go to prison in his or her lifetime. These rates are more than double those for non-Hispanic whites. While these national figures are disturbing, they mask the extreme state-level variations in the impact of incarceration on communities of color. This report examines racial and ethnic dynamics of incarceration by state and highlights new information that extends the findings of previous analyses by including data on jail populations and the impact of incarceration on the Hispanic community.

spokenword
10-04-2007, 01:45 PM
It's sad, how can you predict who will be locked up? Black and Hispanic people better wake up!!!!